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A plant starts as a seed. Seeds are the beginning of a new life cycle.
The seed is planted. It soaks up water and swells until the seed coat splits.
A root grows out of the seed coat and down into the soil. This is called germination.
Next, the stem begins to grow.
The roots continue to grow. They will hold the plant in place and take water and minerals from the soil.
The plant uses water, air and the sun's energy to grow.
A flower grows on the adult plant.
Birds and insects carry pollen from flower to flower.
New seeds begin to grow inside the flower. Fruit forms around the developing seed to protect them.
We can eat some of the fruits that grow around the seeds.
When the flowering plant dries up, seeds fall to the ground. Some seeds are scattered by wind. Some seeds are scattered by water. Other seeds are carried by animals.
Scattering seeds helps each plant get enough space and sunlight to grow.
Some of the scattered seeds will begin to grow into a new plant.
And, the life cycle of the flowering plant begins again.