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The Great Sphinx of Giza, commonly
referred to as the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a
reclining or couchant sphinx (a mythical creature with
a lion's body and a human head) that
stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in
It is the largest monolith statue in
the world, standing (241 ft) long,(63 ft) wide, and (66.34 ft)
high. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been
built by ancient Egyptians of the
The ancient Egyptians performed mummification to transform the bodies of the dead into dwellings for the spirit in the afterlife.
The 70 day process purged the corpse of fluids that cause decay and endowed it with the attributes of gods such as
An important part of the mummy was a helmet-like mask, which was placed over the head of the linen-wrapped body. Its youthful features were not intended as a likeness of the deceased, but projected an idealized image for their existence of the deceased.
The Colossi of Memnon are two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For the past 3400 years (since 1350 BC) they have stood in the Theban necropolis, across the River Nile from the modern city of Luxor.
The twin statues depict Amenhotep III in a seated position, his hands resting on his knees and his gaze facing eastwards towards the river. Two shorter figures are carved into the front throne alongside his legs: these are his wife Tiy and motherMutemwiya.
The statues are made from blocks of quartzite sandstone which was quarried at el-Gabal el-Ahmar (near modern-day Cairo) and transported 675 km (420 mi) overland to Thebes. The blocks used by later Roman engineers to reconstruct the eastern colossus may have come from Edfu (north of Aswan). Including the stone platforms on which they stand – themselves about 4 m (13 ft) – the colossi reach a towering 18 m (60 ft) in height and weigh an estimated 720 tons each. The two figures are about 15 m (50 ft) apart
This is the Obelisk of Hatshepsut.
It is the tallest obelisk still standing in Egypt and one of two still standing at Karnak. It is 97 feet high, and is 320 tons of solid Aswan granite. Surpassed in height only by the obelisk of Tuthmosis III which now resides in Paris.
Obelisks are considered representations of the mythical benben stone of Heliopolis. The twin of this obelisk is now laying on the ground where it fell. The hieroglyphs are in excellent condition and give tourists a rare close up view of an obelisk's top.