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World War I
   
Schrank's revolver (LOC) by The Library of Congress on Flickr

                      The Assassination 

A boy named Princip who lived in Serbia assassinated the Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary.  The Archdukes' wife was shot and died instantly, and the Archduke was also shot in the neck and his last words were "Sophie, Sophie dear live for our children."  Serbia did this because they wanted to be a free country. If the Archduke took the throne he would own Serbia.  That is what started World War 1.
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Fowl house in the trenches just behind the front line by National Library of Scotland on Flickr

                    The Trenches

The war started in 1914.  Our soldiers lived like moles in the war in skinny tunnels called trenches. They ate, slept, fought and died in the trenches. In winter, it was cold and wet, and in summer it's hot and humid and the soldiers were always stepping in mud puddles.  The trenches were filled with body lice and rats. 
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030205-N-0000X-001 by Marion Doss on Flickr

                   German Submarines

During the war everyone fought at sea.  The Germans thought that the war would last about 6 weeks but it ended up lasting for 5 years, from 1914-1919.  Germany hid in the water in submarines, also known as German U.(Underwater) Boats and when they would see a ship Germany would fire torpedoes at the ships. In the war soldiers fought in trenches, submarines, airplanes (the airplane pilots were called Sky Knights) and Zeppelins.
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Fokker Dr. 1 by TMWolf on Flickr

                      The Red Baron

The Red Baron (aka The Red Knight) was on Britain's side. Britain ruled the sky for about a year, until a 24 year old boy, Roy Brown, came down where the sun was shining, that way the pilot wouldn't see him, and shot down the Red Baron.
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BRITISH NAVY IN WARTIME by Nationaal Archief on Flickr

                          Zeppelins

Zeppelins are in the shape of dirigibles, except Zeppelins carry bombs and drop the bombs on their enemies.  Zeppelins travel in groups when at war.  
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Reeve17408by otisarchives3 on Flickr

On April 22, 1915, the first use of poison gas by Germany, in history, occurred.  That was against the Geneva Convention.  The Geneva Convention was a treaty that set up rules about the war, that people would not suffer, but die instantly.  The Germans wore gas masks to protect themselves from dying from the poison gas.  They used what was called chlorine, a deadly gas that affects your nose, throat, and lungs.  When the British started using the gas too, the Germans were very mad.  The gas didn't bring the Germans the victory they had planned.
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Marina Park Sunsetby Cynthia.Lou on Flickr

In 1932 the Americans told Germany that they had a choice, either keep fighting or they would have to give up an huge amount of money and goods.  Germany had to give up their money and goods according to the Treaty of Versailles.  So the Americans cut army down to 100,000 men, they limited navy to six battleships, six light cruisers, twelve destroyers and twelve torpedo boats.  The Germans couldn't have anymore U. Boats, and they couldn't make anymore poison gas.
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The 'Lusitania' by National Maritime Museum on Flickr

                     The Lusitania
          The Lusitania was the fastest ship in the world until disaster struck.  1,957 passengers boarded onto the Lusitania.  The Captain didn't know that the ship was in Germany's territory.  Germany thought it was an enemy ship so they shot down the Lusitania with their torpedoes from their submarines.  Out of almost 2,000 passengers only 761 survived, and out of that 2,000 were 197 Americans, but 128 lost their lives.
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Cassino (Italy)by SMU Central University Libraries on Flickr

                     The Battle of Somme
          The Germans and the British were in battle, they called the battle Somme.  The Germans had 1500 big guns lined up 20 yards apart.  The British lost 410,000 men in the battle of Somme.  
           Another battle that was fought was the battle of Jutland.  It was the only big navy battle of World War I.  Nobody won in the battle of Jutland because both sides declared that they won.
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Treaty of Paris (page 1)by The U.S. National Archives on Flickr

                      Calls For Peace
           The Germans realized that they weren't going to win the war so they called for a negotiated peace.  That means that both sides have to agree that nobody wins, but the Allies did not accept, so the war went on for 2 more years.
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Cryptic words meander. One day you'll learn to soon discern its true meaning...by englishsnow on Flickr

The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I in 1919.  The money that was spent on World War I could have bought every family in England, France, Germany, Belgium, Russia, United States of America, Australia, and Canada a furnished house, and every community a large library of 200,000 people.  It could've also set up  fund to give a substantial bonus to 125,000 nurses, and 125,000 teachers indefinitely.  It also could have replaced the entire wealth of France and Belgium, but instead, all of that money was spent on one war. 
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