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Natural Disasters
   
The Passage of Sandy by NASA Goddard Photo and Video on Flickr

                             HURRICANE

  • Hurricanes are areas of low air pressure that form over oceans in tropical climate regions.
  • Hurricanes are large storms with rotating winds.
  • In the beginning, the ocean storm is called a “tropical disturbance”, which is like a bunch of thunderstorms with very little wind circulation.
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overflow by jenny downing on Flickr

                                FLOODS


  • Flash floods often bring walls of water 10 to 20 feet high.
  • 95% of those killed in a flash flood try to outrun the waters along their path rather than climbing rocks or going uphill to higher grounds.
  • Since 1900, floods have taken more than 10,000 lives in the United States alone.

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Oklahoma blown by kevin dooley on Flickr

                     TORNADOES

  • Each year, about a thousand tornadoes touch down in the United States, far more than any other country.
  • A  tornado can pick up a house and move it down the block.
  • Nebraska, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Kansas make up Tornado alley, where tornadoes strike regularly in the spring and early summer.
 

 

 


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May 9, 2012 by GlacierNPS on Flickr

                  AVALANCHES
  • About 250,000 avalanches occur each year in the Alps, a mountain chain in Europe.
  • Each year, avalanches claim more than 150 lives worldwide, a number that has been increasing due to the boom in mountainside industries and recreation.
  • 89% of avalanche victims are men and most are between the ages of 20 and 30.


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Aerial view of damage to Wakuya, Japan following earthquake. by Official U.S. Navy Imagery on Flickr

                       TSUNAMI
  • A tsunami is a series of sea waves caused by an underwater earthquake, landslide, or volcanic eruption. More rarely, a tsunami can be generated by a giant meteor impact with the ocean.
  • When the ocean is deep, tsunamis may be less than a foot high on the ocean’s surface, can travel at speeds up to 500 mph without being noticed and cross the entire ocean in less than a day.
  • Many witnesses say a tsunami sounds like a freight train
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