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Explore Ancient Egypt
   
tutankhamun by Mostly Dans on Flickr

Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaton, had a son-in law named Tutankhamun. Tutankhamun waas 10 yeaars old when he became the new pharaoh. The pharaoh was an all-powerful ruler who guided Egypt's every activity. After ruling for only nine years, Tutankhamun died unexpectedly. Researchers think he may have suffered a fall or was murdered; no one is sure.

What is certain "King Tut," as he is nicknamed, played only a small role in Egypt's history.In 1922 A.D, Howard Carter found his tomb. The tomb included a gold mask of Tutankhamun.

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Luxor Temple at night by astique on Flickr

Egyptians developed a new form of writing. Called hieroglyphics, it was made up of hundreds if picture symbols. Some symbols stood for objects and ideas. To communicate the idea of a boat, for example, a scribe would draw a boat. Other symbols stood for sounds, just as the letters of our alphabet do. Scribes painstakingly carved hieroglyphics onto stone walls and monuments.Scribes kept records and worked for the rulers, priests, and traders.
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Pyramid panorama by Daveness_98 on Flickr

No ordinary tomb would do for any pharaoh of Egypt. Instead, the Egyptians built mountain like pyramids entirely of stone. These gigantic structures, the size of several city blocks, protected the bodies of dead pharaohs from floods, wild animals, and grave robbers. The pyramids also held supplies that the pharaoh might need in the spirit world, including clothing, furniture, jewlry, and food.
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Full body sphinx by bastique on Flickr

The Great Sphinx of Giza (the Terriffying one), commonly referred to as the Sphinx,is a statue of a reclining or couchant Sphinx (a mythical creature with a lions body and a humans head) that stands on the Giza plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt.It is 73.5 metres(241 ft long), 6 metres (20 ft wide), and 20.22 metres (66.34 ft ) high.It is commanly believed to have been created by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the rein of the pharaoh Khafra (2558-2532 BC).
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Egypt-10C-007 - Rameses II & Re-Horakhty by archer10 (Dennis) on Flickr

In this picture, they have 2 different statues of 2 different people.The statue in-between the walls is the sun god Re (ray).He was a deity. A deity was a god/goddess. Egyptians believed these deities controlled the forces of nature and human activities. The main egyptian god was Re. This was probably because of egypt's hot, sunny climate and the importance of the sun for good harvest. Another major god was Hapi (HAH-pee),who ruled the Nile river. The most important god is ISIS (EYE-suhs).She represented the loyal wife and mother, and she ruled over the dead with her husband Osiris (oh-SY-ruhs).
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Momia / Mummy by Miguel Vera on Flickr

To protect the pharaoh's  body Egyptians developed a process called embalming. First, priests removed the body 's organs. A special kind of salt was then applied to the body, and it was stored for a number of days to dry. After this, the body was filled with spices and perfumes, then stitched close. Next, it was cleaned with oils and tightly wrapped with long strips of linen. The wrapped body was known as a mummy.   It was then put in several wooden coffins, one fitting inside the other. The pharaoh was then ready for burial in the tomb.
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The Eye of Horus is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power and good health. The eye is personified in the goddess Wadjet (also written as Wedjat,Uadjet, Wedjoyet, Edjo or Uto and as The Eye of Ra or "Udjat ). The name Wadjet is derived from "wadj" meaning "green" hence "the green one" and was known to the Greeks and Romans as "uraeus" from the Egyptian "iaret" meaning "risen one" from the image of a cobra rising up in protection.[ Wadjet was one of the earliest of Egyptian deities who later became associated with other goddesses such as Bast, Sekhmet, Mut, and Hathor. She was the tutelary deity of Lower Egypt and the major Delta shrine the "per-nu" was under her protection.  Hathor is also depicted with this eye.  Funerary amulets were often made in the shape of the Eye of Horus. The Wedjat or Eye of Horus is "the central element" of seven "gold, faience, carnelian and lapis lazuli" bracelets found on the mummy of Shoshenq II. The Wedjat "was intended to protect the king [here] in the afterlife"  and to ward off evil. Ancient Egyptian and Near Eastern sailors would frequently paint the symbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel.

 

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