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Ancient Egypt
   
Pyramid panorama by Daveness_98 on Flickr

Egypt is a very hot place that has very little water.


Ancient Egyptians built pyramids for their pharaohs and queens. 

Egyptians believed that if you put the treasures and jewels in the tomb the treasures would go with the pharaoh to the next life. People tried to steal the treasure from the pharaoh's tomb but they ran the risk of getting  cursed.

 

 

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Egyptian Bones... by SpindlierHades on Flickr

Process of Mummification

 

  • The first step was to let everyone know about the death. They did this by sending a messenger out onto the streets to announce that someone had died. This allowed people to get themselves ready for the mourning period and ceremony.
  • After that they had to embalm the body. The embalmers were located in special tents or buildings and the buildings were called embalming workshops. The embalming workshops were maintained by priests and often during the embalming, the priests would have to go out of the building or tent to get away from the bad smell.
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Tutankhamun in Barcelona / Tutankamon en Barcelona by flydime on Flickr

  • The third step is removing the brain which is the first part of the body to be removed. Egyptians didn't know the purpose of the brain and thought it was a waste of space. To take out the brain they inserted a hook up their nose,they took out as much as they could then dissolved it in water. 
  • Next to be removed from the body were the internal organs. A small slit was made on the side of the abdomen, then the embalmers put their hand in and pulled out the organs.
  • The next step was the drying out process. The body was placed on a slab. The slab was tilted so that the water would run off into a basin. This removed moisture and prevented rotting. The body was taken outside and let dry for about forty days. 
  • After the body was completely dried out, the wrapping of the body began. After that they had to wrap the body. The body was rubbed with oils. Hundreds of linen strips were used to wrap the body.  
  • A final shroud was placed on the mummy to keep all the wrappings together.
  • The last step of the process was the final procession. The final procession was where the family and friends of the deceased walked through the town on their way to the burial place. Mourners were paid to cry so that the gods of the other world would see that the person was well loved.

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Egypt: Philae by Brooklyn Museum on Flickr

Egyptian Temples

 

  • The ancient Egyptians believed that temples were the homes of the gods and goddesses. 
  • Every temple was dedicated to a god or goddess and was worshiped by the temple priests and the pharaohs.
  • The large temple buildings were made of stone so that they would last forever. Their walls were covered with scenes that were carved onto the stone then brightly painted. These scenes showed the pharaoh fighting in battles and performing rituals with the gods and goddesses.

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