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Saltwater Life
  
Sea Lion: Up Close and Personalby NOAA's National Ocean Service on Flickr

Sea Lions are endangered animals because of killer whales..
  • They are marine mammals. Males can weigh up to 800 pounds and be 9 ft long while females can weigh up to 400 pounds and be 6 ft long.
  • They can hold their breath for up to 20 mins
  • They eat a variety of fish.
  • They have external ear flaps, long fore-flippers and short thick hair.
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Longsnout Seahorse (Hippocampus reidi)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Seahorses are tiny fishes that are named for the shape of their head, which looks like the head of a tiny horse.
  • Male Seahorse has a pouch called brood pouch on its stomach to carry babies. A female seahorse lays dozens, sometimes hundreds, of eggs in the brood pouch for the male to carry until they hatch.
  • Adult seahorses range from less than 2 inches to 1 ft. long. 
  • Seahorses eat tiny organisms, sucking the animals in through their tube-like snout.
  • Seahorses can move their eyes independently of each other, helpful when keeping an eye out for predators.
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Channel Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Catfish are most easily identified by their flattened broad heads and the long whisker-like barbels that protrude from the mouth of the catfish.
  • Cat fish can live in salt water and fresh water..
  • The long barbels of the catfish are often most commonly used for smelling and therefore sensing what is about to eat (and to hide from) in the surrounding waters. 
  • Despite the name however, not all catfish species have prominent whisker-like barbels.
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Leopard Shark (Triakis semifasciata)by cliff1066� on Flickr

This is a 3 year old Leopard Shark.
  • The Leopard Shark is named after its characteristic display of dark brown markings found on its body resembling those of a leopard.
  • Despite being called sharks, they are normally not regarded as much of a threat to humans.
  • Their counterparts, great white sharks, do prey on leopard sharks alongside other marine animals such as killer whales.
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Atlantic Spadefish (Chaetodipterus faber)by cliff1066� on Flickr

This is Atlantic Spadefish.
  • It is silvery gray in color with vertical black bars. It is named for its characteristic spade shaped body, which is compressed with a short snout.
  • It reaches a maximum length of about 3 ft. and maximum reported weight of about 19 pounds.
  • Feeds on crustaceans such as crab, lobster, shrimp etc, small invertebrates and may nibble on tentacles of jellyfish.
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Lionfish (Pterois volitans)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Lionfish is among the most poisonous fish in the world. 

  • They use their sharp needle-like blades to inject venom into a potential attacker. They aren’t known to use it when they go after prey. 
  • They use their awesome colors to blend into the reefs i.e camouflage, to find potential prey or hide from predators.
  • Eat mostly fish, shrimp, and crabs
  • They tend to hide during the night in small caves or ledges and they hunt during the day.
  • Average lifespan is around 15 years. They can grow to an average length of 12 inches.

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Silver Arowana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Silver Arowana is a tropical freshwater fish.
  • Can grow to a length of 47 inches
  • Adult has a silvery color while the juvenile has blue glints and yellow orange bar.
  • Preys largely on other fish near the surface
  • Can jump almost 5 ft out of the water to feed on large insects
  • Eggs are externally fertilized and the male then carries them in his mouth until they hatch.
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Swell Shark (Cephaloscyllium ventriosum)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Swell Sharks swim on the bottom of the ocean floor..
  • If threatened, swell shark bends its body into a sharp U-shape, grasps its tail fin in its mouth and swallows large quantity of sea water, which makes it swell to twice its normal size. This behavior makes it difficult for a predator to bite or evict a swell shark from its rocky crevice.
  • Brown blotches and white spots decorate the swell shark's yellow brown body.
  • It feeds during night on other fishes. It captures by resting open mouthed and letting prey wander in or be carried in by currents.
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Red Bellied Piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Red Bellied Piranha are the most ferocious freshwater Fish in the world.
  • Piranha has extremely sharp teeth and a voracious appetite for meat and fish.
  • Piranhas are omnivores eating fish, meat, birds, insects, plants and seeds
  • Piranha feeds on other Piranhas in a frenzied state
  • Piranha stats
    • Weight: 3.5 kg
    • Length: Upto 18 inches
    • Habitat: Rivers in South America
    • Lifespan: 25 years
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Pumpkinseed Sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Pumpkinseed Sunfish prefer shallow, warm water with abundant vegetation 
in which to hide
  • Have a disc-shaped, slab-sided body with a small mouth and sharp spines 
  • It is their body shape, resembling the seed of a pumpkin that inspired their name. 
  • Length: Average 6-8 inches
  • Weight: less than 1 pound 
  • Lifespan: In the Wild 8-9 years
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Flag Cichlid (Mesonauta festivus)by cliff1066� on Flickr

This is a Flag Cichlid he is skimming the bottom of the ocean floor for food..
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Manta Ray Cleaning Stationby NOAA's National Ocean Service on Flickr

Manta Rays are large graceful animals that live in the ocean. They belong to a group of fish that have cartilage instead of bone.
  • The name Manta means blanket and the fact that this creature looks like a blanket as it moves in the water is part of the namesake.
  • Live in warm and temperate waters
  • Eat plankton
  • Grow upto 25 feet in length and weigh as much as 3000 pounds
  • Has the largest brain to body ratio among all the sharks and rays on Earth
  • Average life span is 20 years
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Sea Turtleby NOAA's National Ocean Service on Flickr

Sea Turtles are reptiles that live primarily in the ocean. 
  • They come in different sizes - largest can be up to 6 ft long and weigh well over 1,000 pounds. 
  • Have flippers that enable them to swim well and also help propel them on land. 
  • Eat all kinds of food including sea grass, seaweed, crabs, jellyfish and shrimp.
  • Lifespan is 70-80 years
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A corn-cricket in front of our tent, at night, in Ziwaniby frederic.salein on Flickr

This little Corn Cricket runs along the beaches at night..
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Nautilusby cliff1066� on Flickr

This Nautilus is along the bottom of the ocean..
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Altum Angelfish (Pterophyllum altum)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Altum Angelfish is hiding in the plant life so that the predator can't find it..
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Discus (Symphysodon discus)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Discus also hides in the coral and reef from its predators..
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Spotfin Hogfish (Bodianus pulchellus)by cliff1066� on Flickr

Spotfin Hogfish hides in the reefs and corals from its predators.. 
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Northern Puffer (Sphoeroides maculatus)by cliff1066� on Flickr

This Northern Puffer will puff up into a ball in self defense
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Pacific Blue Tang (Paracanthurus hepatus)by cliff1066� on Flickr

This is the Pacific Blue Tang 
  • Lives in coastal waters, coral reefs and inshore rocky or grassy areas.
  • In the coral reefs, they live in holes or creases where they are safe from predators at night
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Longsnout Seahorse (Hippocampus reidi)by cliff1066� on Flickr

This Longsnout Seahorse is hiding in the reef from its predators..
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Bicolor damselfish (Stegastes partitus)by cliff1066� on Flickr

This Bicolor damselfish is eating the micros off the coral..
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