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|Sea Lion: Up Close and Personal||by NOAA's National Ocean Service on Flickr|Sea Lions
are endangered animals because of killer whales..
- They are marine mammals. Males can weigh up to 800 pounds and be 9 ft long while females can weigh up to 400 pounds and be 6 ft long.
- They can hold their breath for up to 20 mins
- They eat a variety of fish.
- They have external ear flaps, long fore-flippers and short thick hair.
|Longsnout Seahorse (Hippocampus reidi)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|Seahorses
are tiny fishes that are named for the shape of their head, which looks like the head of a tiny horse.
- Male Seahorse has a pouch called brood pouch on its stomach to carry babies. A female seahorse lays dozens, sometimes hundreds, of eggs in the brood pouch for the male to carry until they hatch.
- Adult seahorses range from less than 2 inches to 1 ft. long.
- Seahorses eat tiny organisms, sucking the animals in through their tube-like snout.
- Seahorses can move their eyes independently of each other, helpful when keeping an eye out for predators.
|Channel Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|Catfish are most easily identified by their flattened broad heads and the long whisker-like barbels that protrude from the mouth of the catfish.
- Cat fish can live in salt water and fresh water..
- The long barbels of the catfish are often most commonly used for smelling and therefore sensing what is about to eat (and to hide from) in the surrounding waters.
- Despite the name however, not all catfish species have prominent whisker-like barbels.
|Leopard Shark (Triakis semifasciata)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
This is a 3 year old Leopard Shark.
- The Leopard Shark is named after its characteristic display of dark brown markings found on its body resembling those of a leopard.
- Despite being called sharks, they are normally not regarded as much of a threat to humans.
- Their counterparts, great white sharks, do prey on leopard sharks alongside other marine animals such as killer whales.
|Atlantic Spadefish (Chaetodipterus faber)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
This is Atlantic Spadefish
- It is silvery gray in color with vertical black bars. It is named for its characteristic spade shaped body, which is compressed with a short snout.
- It reaches a maximum length of about 3 ft. and maximum reported weight of about 19 pounds.
- Feeds on crustaceans such as crab, lobster, shrimp etc, small invertebrates and may nibble on tentacles of jellyfish.
|Lionfish (Pterois volitans)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
Lionfish is among the most poisonous fish in the world.
- They use their sharp needle-like blades to inject venom into a potential attacker. They aren’t known to use it when they go after prey.
- They use their awesome colors to blend into the reefs i.e camouflage, to find potential prey or hide from predators.
- Eat mostly fish, shrimp, and crabs
- They tend to hide during the night in small caves or ledges and they hunt during the day.
- Average lifespan is around 15 years. They can grow to an average length of 12 inches.
|Silver Arowana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|Silver Arowana
is a tropical freshwater fish.
- Can grow to a length of 47 inches
- Adult has a silvery color while the juvenile has blue glints and yellow orange bar.
- Preys largely on other fish near the surface
- Can jump almost 5 ft out of the water to feed on large insects
- Eggs are externally fertilized and the male then carries them in his mouth until they hatch.
|Swell Shark (Cephaloscyllium ventriosum)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|Swell Sharks
swim on the bottom of the ocean floor..
- If threatened, swell shark bends its body into a sharp U-shape, grasps its tail fin in its mouth and swallows large quantity of sea water, which makes it swell to twice its normal size. This behavior makes it difficult for a predator to bite or evict a swell shark from its rocky crevice.
- Brown blotches and white spots decorate the swell shark's yellow brown body.
- It feeds during night on other fishes. It captures by resting open mouthed and letting prey wander in or be carried in by currents.
|Red Bellied Piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|Red Bellied Piranha
are the most ferocious freshwater Fish in the world.
- Piranha has extremely sharp teeth and a voracious appetite for meat and fish.
- Piranhas are omnivores eating fish, meat, birds, insects, plants and seeds
- Piranha feeds on other Piranhas in a frenzied state
- Piranha stats
- Weight: 3.5 kg
- Length: Upto 18 inches
- Habitat: Rivers in South America
- Lifespan: 25 years
|Pumpkinseed Sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|Pumpkinseed Sunfish
prefer shallow, warm water with abundant vegetation
in which to hide
- Have a disc-shaped, slab-sided body with a small mouth and sharp spines
- It is their body shape, resembling the seed of a pumpkin that inspired their name.
- Length: Average 6-8 inches
- Weight: less than 1 pound
- Lifespan: In the Wild 8-9 years
|Flag Cichlid (Mesonauta festivus)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
This is a Flag Cichlid he is skimming the bottom of the ocean floor for food..
|Manta Ray Cleaning Station||by NOAA's National Ocean Service on Flickr|Manta Rays
are large graceful animals that live in the ocean. They belong to a group of fish that have cartilage instead of bone.
- The name Manta means blanket and the fact that this creature looks like a blanket as it moves in the water is part of the namesake.
- Live in warm and temperate waters
- Eat plankton
- Grow upto 25 feet in length and weigh as much as 3000 pounds
- Has the largest brain to body ratio among all the sharks and rays on Earth
- Average life span is 20 years
|Sea Turtle||by NOAA's National Ocean Service on Flickr|
Sea Turtles are reptiles that live primarily in the ocean.
- They come in different sizes - largest can be up to 6 ft long and weigh well over 1,000 pounds.
- Have flippers that enable them to swim well and also help propel them on land.
- Eat all kinds of food including sea grass, seaweed, crabs, jellyfish and shrimp.
- Lifespan is 70-80 years
|A corn-cricket in front of our tent, at night, in Ziwani||by frederic.salein on Flickr|
This little Corn Cricket runs along the beaches at night..
|Nautilus||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
This Nautilus is along the bottom of the ocean..
|Altum Angelfish (Pterophyllum altum)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
Altum Angelfish is hiding in the plant life so that the predator can't find it..
|Discus (Symphysodon discus)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
Discus also hides in the coral and reef from its predators..
|Spotfin Hogfish (Bodianus pulchellus)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
Spotfin Hogfish hides in the reefs and corals from its predators..
|Northern Puffer (Sphoeroides maculatus)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
This Northern Puffer will puff up into a ball in self defense
|Pacific Blue Tang (Paracanthurus hepatus)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
This is the Pacific Blue Tang
- Lives in coastal waters, coral reefs and inshore rocky or grassy areas.
- In the coral reefs, they live in holes or creases where they are safe from predators at night
|Longsnout Seahorse (Hippocampus reidi)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
This Longsnout Seahorse is hiding in the reef from its predators..
|Bicolor damselfish (Stegastes partitus)||by cliff1066� on Flickr|
This Bicolor damselfish is eating the micros off the coral..