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The American Revolution
   
1765 - Sons of Liberty by Marxchivist on Flickr


The Tea Act

In 1773, the British were mad at the colonists. The colonists were not buying tea from the British tea company. The king of England was concerned for the British tea company, so he passed the Tea Act. It stated that the only company that the colonists could buy tea from is the British tea company. This made the colonists angry. On December 16,1773, a group of men called the Sons Of Liberty, dressed as Indians and snuck on a ship carrying British tea. The Sons Of Liberty dumped  all of the tea into the Boston Harbor. This event was called the Boston Tea Party.

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Boston Light at Dawn by Nantaskart! on Flickr


The Intolerable Acts

The British government wanted to punish the colonists for doing things like the Boston Tea Party, so they passed a group of laws called the Intolerable Acts. One of the laws was called the Boston Port Act. It closed the Boston Harbor so the colonists could not get products from other countries. Another law was the Massachusetts Government Act that altered the Massachusetts charter and restricted town meetings. The next one is the Quartering Act which forced colonists to let British soldiers stay in their homes. The final law is the Administration Of Justice Act. It stated that if a British soldier commits a crime in the Colonies, they will have a trial in Britain instead of in the Colonies.

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battlefield-29 by zhengxu on Flickr

 

Patriots, Loyalists, And Neutrals

During the Revolutionary War, there were three groups of people, Patriots, Loyalists, and Neutrals. Patriots were people who sided with the Colonies. Loyalists were people who sided with Britain. Neutrals were people who tried to stay out of it and did not side with anyone.

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IMG_1876 by Luigi Crespo Photography on Flickr

 

The Revolutionary War

The first battle of the war was the Battle of Lexington and Concord. It took place on April 19, 1775. The British sent nearly 1,000 troops to capture Americans. The next battle was on June 17, 1775.  It was called the Bunker Hill Battle. The British won again. In 1776, George Washington became the commander of the army. He led the rebels in chasing the British out of Boston. There were many other battles but in the end, the rebels had victory.

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The Liberty Bell in Philadelphia by bardgabbard on Flickr


Independence

In June, 1776, nine out of thirteen Colonies were ready for independece. Slowly the last four joined. On June 7, 1776 Richard Henry Lee proposed independence to the Colonies. On July 2, 1776 enough people voted for independence to make it happen. Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence and the Colonies became known as the United States of America. On July 4, 1776 America became it's own country.

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