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American War of Independence 1775-1783
   
Allegiance. by z0xx. on Flickr

Background

The American Revolution was the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America. They first rejected the authority of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them from overseas without representation, and then expelled all royal officials.  By 1774 each colony had established a Provincial Congress, or an equivalent governmental institution, to govern itself, but still within the empire. The British responded by sending combat troops to re-impose direct rule.

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bf-man-3-2 by zhengxu on Flickr

1775

 Through representatives sent in 1775 to the Second Continental Congress, the states joined together at first to defend their respective self-governance and manage the armed conflict against the British known as the American Revolutionary War (1775–83, also American War of Independence). Ultimately, the states collectively determined that the British monarchy, by acts of tyranny, could no longer legitimately claim their allegiance.

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US Constitution by Thorne Enterprises on Flickr

1776

They then severed ties with the British Empire in July 1776, when the Congress issued the United States Declaration of Independence, rejecting the monarchy on behalf of the new sovereign nation separate and external to the British Empire.

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IMG_1901 by Luigi Crespo on Flickr

1781

The war ended with effective American victory in October 1781.

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by dbking on Flickr

1783

Formal British abandonment of any claims to the United States with the Treaty of Paris.

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