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Most important among the ideas of the American Enlightenment were the concepts of liberalism, democracy, republicanism, and religious tolerance. Collectively, the belief in these concepts by a growing number of American colonists began to foster an environment which would lead to a new sense of political and social identity.
The colonies broke ties with the British Empire in July 1776, when the Congress issued the United States Declaration of Independence, rejecting the monarchy on behalf of the new nation separate and external to the British Empire.
The British responded by sending combat troops to re-impose direct rule.
The war ended with an American victory in October 1781, followed by formal British abandonment of any claims to the United States with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
Among the important results of the revolution was the creation of a democratically-elected representative government responsible to the will of the people.
Many fundamental issues of national governance were settled with the finishing of the United States Constitution in 1788. The Constitution established a strong federated government.
The American shift to liberal republicanism, and the gradually increasing democracy, caused an upheaval of traditional social hierarchy and gave birth to the ethic that has formed a core of political values in the United States.