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The American Enlightenment
  
1776 - Fort Moultrieby Marxchivist on Flickr


The American Revolution was the result of a series of social, political, and intellectual transformations in early American society and government, collectively referred to as the American Enlightenment.

 

Most important among the ideas of the American Enlightenment were the concepts of liberalism, democracy, republicanism, and religious tolerance. Collectively, the belief in these concepts by a growing number of American colonists began to foster an environment which would lead to a new sense of political and social identity.

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The Declaration of Independenceby Marion Doss on Flickr

The colonies broke ties with the British Empire in July 1776, when the Congress issued the United States Declaration of Independence, rejecting the monarchy on behalf of the new nation separate and external to the British Empire.

 

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The British are Comingby flattop341 on Flickr


The British responded by sending combat troops to re-impose direct rule.
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The Battle Rages Onby flattop341 on Flickr


The war ended with an American victory in October 1781, followed by formal British abandonment of any claims to the United States with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
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US Constitutionby Thorne Enterprises on Flickr

Among the important results of the revolution was the creation of a democratically-elected representative government responsible to the will of the people.

Many fundamental issues of national governance were settled with the finishing of the United States Constitution in 1788.  The Constitution established a strong federated government.

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United States Flagby Rennett Stowe on Flickr

The American shift to liberal republicanism, and the gradually increasing democracy, caused an upheaval of traditional social hierarchy and gave birth to the ethic that has formed a core of political values in the United States.
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