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History of Europe for Kids

History of Europe

The classical history of Europe dates from the Greek civilization around 800 BC, followed by the Roman Empire which reached its greatest extent around 150 BC. The first millennium AD was characterized with the spread of Christianity, decline of the Roman Empire, the rise of the Church and its control of political authority. The second millennia saw holy wars, attacks from Mongols, great famines and plagues, great progress in arts and sciences, Renaissance, discovery of New World, French Revolution, colonization of the Americas, Industrial Revolution, rise of nation states and disastrous World Wars in the 20th century.

The following parts of European History have their own separate video listing pages:
Ancient GreeceFrench RevolutionWorld War II
Ancient RomeWorld War ICold War
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The Persians and Greeks
Grade: 8 - 12
The video compares the Greek civilization and the Persian Empire. From Socrates and Plato to Darius and Xerxes, it explains two of the great powers of the ancient world.
11:40
 

Alexander the Great
Grade: 8 - 12
The video presents the life and accomplishments of Alexander the Great, his empire, his horse Bucephalus, and the empires that came after him.
11:00
 

The Silk Road and Ancient Trade
Grade: 8 - 12
A lesson on the Silk Road and ancient Chinese trade. Learn about the Silk Road, a network of trade routes where goods such as ivory, silver, iron, wine, and silk were exchanged across the ancient world, from China to the West.
10:30
 

The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?
Grade: 8 - 12
Learn about the Roman Empire. The lesson explores Rome's transition from city-state to dominant force in the Mediterranean. It covers the senate, the Roman people, Rome, Julius Caesar, the Julian calendar and more.
12:25
 

Christianity from Judaism to Constantine
Grade: 8 - 12
The lesson explores the history of Christianity, from the beginnings of Judaism and the development of monotheism, right up to Paul and how Christianity transformed the Roman Empire in just a few hundred years.
11:35
 

Fall of The Roman Empire
Grade: 8 - 12
Learn about the fall of the Roman Empire. While the Western Roman Empire fell to barbarians in 476 CE, the Byzantines in Constantinople continued the Eastern Roman Empire for a further 1000 years well into the medieval times.
12:45
 

The Dark Ages
Grade: 8 - 12
A presentation about the Dark Ages period of European history. It covers European feudalism, the cultural progress in the Islamic world, and the scientific and artistic advances in China.
12:10
 

The Crusades
Grade: 8 - 12
A presentation about the Crusades embarked upon by European Christians in the 12th and 13th centuries. It covers the First through the Fourth Crusades, noting which were successful, which were well-intentioned yet ultimately destructive.
11:30
 

The Indian Ocean Trade
Grade: 8 - 12
Learn about the history of the Indian Ocean Trade. The video weaves a tale of adventure, replete with trade in books, ivory, timber, and advances in seafaring technology.
10:15
 

Venice and the Ottoman Empire
Grade: 8 - 12
The presentation discusses the relationship between a republic, the city-state of Venice, and the Ottoman Empire. Together, the Ottoman Empire and Venice grew wealthy and very powerful by facilitating trade in spite of religious and political differences.
10:15
 

Russia, the Kievan Rus, and the Mongols
Grade: 8 - 12
Learn about the Russian history. It explains how Russia evolved from a loose amalgamation of medieval principalities. The raids by the Mongols led to their joining hands under a single leadership, and concentrated power in Moscow.
10:45
 

15th Century Mariners: Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He
Grade: 8 - 12
Learn about the Age of Discovery. The presentation covers Christopher Columbus and his 'discovery' of America in 1492, Vasco da Gama and his voyages into the Indian Ocean, and Chinese admiral Zheng He and his voyages on the largest wooden ships ever built.
10:40
 

The Renaissance
Grade: 8 - 12
A lesson about the European Renaissance. European learning changed the world in the 15th and 16th century. The lesson investigates what caused the Renaissance and who benefited from the changes that occurred.
11:35
 

The Spanish Empire
Grade: 8 - 12
The lesson explores how Spain went from being a small European power to one of the most powerful empires, thanks to their plunder of the New World in the 16th and 17th centuries. Learn how Spain managed to destroy the two biggest pre-Columbian civilizations, mine a mountain made of silver, mishandle their economy, and lose it all by the mid-1700s.
10:45
 

The French Revolution
Grade: 8 - 12
The lesson examines the French Revolution, and gets into how and why it differed from the American Revolution. Learn what contributed to the French Revolution, and how did it lead to other, more successful revolutions around the world.
11:55
 

Imperialism
Grade: 8 - 12
A presentation about European Imperialism in the 19th century. European powers started to create colonial empires way back in the 16th century, but businesses really took off in the 19th century, especially in Asia and Africa. Learn how these empires managed to leverage the advances of the Industrial Revolution to build vast, wealth-generating empires.
13:50
 

The Byzantine Empire - part 1
Grade: 8 - 12
A documentary on the Byzantine Empire - the eastern half of the Roman Empire that spawned a rich tradition of art, literature and learning, and served as a military buffer between Europe and Asia.
10:05
 

The Byzantine Empire - part 2
Grade: 8 - 12
8:50
 

The Byzantine Empire - part 3
Grade: 8 - 12
7:05
 

The Byzantine Empire - part 4
Grade: 8 - 12
7:50
 

The Byzantine Empire - part 5
Grade: 8 - 12
7:15
 

The Byzantine Empire - part 6
Grade: 8 - 12
8:25
 

The Dark Ages - part 1 - The Sacking of Rome
Grade: 8 - 12
The documentary chronicles the Dark Ages, the period of cultural and economic decay that occurred in Western Europe for centuries following the decline of the Roman Empire. As chaos replaced culture, Europe was beset by famine, plague, persecutions, and a persistent state of war.
7:25
 

The Dark Ages - part 2 - The Waning Empire
Grade: 8 - 12
5:00
 

The Dark Ages - part 3 - Common Thread of Christianity
Grade: 8 - 12
10:10
 

The Dark Ages - part 4 - An Empire Strikes Back
Grade: 8 - 12
8:35
 

The Dark Ages - part 5 - The Plague
Grade: 8 - 12
9:10
 

The Dark Ages - part 6 - Men of Cloth, Men of Letters
Grade: 8 - 12
10:40
 

The Dark Ages - part 7 - A Holy War
Grade: 8 - 12
8:00
 

The Dark Ages - part 8 - The Greatest King
Grade: 8 - 12
9:40
 

The Dark Ages - part 9 - The Crusades
Grade: 8 - 12
10:05
 

Mongol Invasion of Europe - part 1
Grade: 8 - 12
The documentary depicts the astonishing Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century.
5:00
 

Mongol Invasion of Europe - part 2
Grade: 8 - 12
5:00
 

Mongol Invasion of Europe - part 3
Grade: 8 - 12
5:05
 

Mongol Invasion of Europe - part 4
Grade: 8 - 12
4:45
 

Achievements of Leonardo Da Vinci
Grade: 8 - 12
A presentation on the achievements of Leonardo Da Vinci, a leading figure of the Italian Renaissance and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.
4:50
 

The Protestant Reformation - part 1
Grade: 8 - 12
A presentation on the Protestant Reformation - a major 16th century movement to reform the Roman Catholic Church that led to the creation of new Protestant churches.
9:30
 

The Protestant Reformation - part 2
Grade: 8 - 12
10:45
 

Napoleon and Russia
Grade: 8 - 12
A video on Napoleon Bonaparte's invasion of Russia in 1812.
6:00
 

The Fall Of The Russian Monarchy
Grade: 8 - 12
A presentation on the fall of the House of Romanov and the 1917 Russian Revolution.
6:00
 

October Bolshevik Revolution
Grade: 8 - 12
A video on the Russian Revolution of 1917. A series of revolutions toppled the Russian monarchy and replaced it with a Bolshevik government, creating the world's first communist country.
10:50
 

Russian Revolution
Grade: 8 - 12
A presentation on the Russian Revolution.
9:30
 

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